Video answer: Medieval knight
Top best answers to the question «What were secondary medieval castles called»
Contemporary medieval writers used various terms for the buildings we would today call keeps. In Latin, they are variously described as turris, turris castri or magna turris – a tower, a castle tower, or a great tower.
Video answer: The design of roman and medieval castles
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A Battlement was a rampart built around the top of a castle with regular gaps for firing arrows. The parts of the Battlement were called the Crenels which was the 2-3 feet wide gap and the Merlons which was the solid portion between two crenels.
Gatehouse. The weakest point of any castle is the main gate. So you needed a gatehouse with one or more metal reinforced wooden gates, known as a portcullis, and by the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, the gatehouse developed a second outer gate or Barbican, adding yet further defense.
When in the 10th and 11th centuries castles lost their pure fortress character and were increasingly built as residence castles for the kings and the nobility, the hill castle was the preferred choice owing to its better defensive capability. In Germany, almost 66 per cent of all medieval castles (Burgen) known today are of the hill castle type.
In the medieval period the room would simply have been referred to as the "hall" unless the building also had a secondary hall, but the term "great hall" has been predominant for surviving rooms of this type for several centuries to distinguish them from the different type of hall found in post-medieval houses.
The earliest castles were made of earth and wood. They were called motte-and-bailey castles. The motte was an earthen mound with a small ditch at its base. The top of the mound was enclosed by a palisade (a wall of vertical wooden stakes) inside of which was a wooden tower.
Knight-A man who served his sovereign or lord as a mounted soldier in armour. Villein- A peasant. Serf- An agriculture labourer bound be the feudal system who was tied to working on his lords estate. Housecarl- A member of the bodyguard or household troops of a Danish or Anglo-Saxon king or noble.
Some castles had a substantially higher outer wall called a shield wall. The shield wall was often placed on the side of a castle that might be especially vulnerable to siege weapons like catapults, trebuchets and siege towers (more on this later). The shield wall could also prevent objects from going over the walls into the bailey.
Medieval castles did have an area called the don-jon – a term which comes from French. But back in Medieval times, the don-jon was the name for the Great Keep, or the main tower of the castle. A wooden skull, placed to spook tourists in Prague Castle. Credit: Adam Jones CC-BY-SA-2.0
Motte and Bailiey castles were the earliest form of medieval castles built completely from scratch by the Normans. As their name suggests they had two parts the Motte and the Bailey. The Motte was a large hill made of earth on which was built a wooden keep or lookout.
The keep became a staple feature of castles, although they were called a donjon (from the French word meaning 'lord') prior to the 16th century CE. Usually with three or more stories (tower keeps); some were lower and are called hall keeps. The keep was the heart of the medieval castle and the last point of refuge in case of attack or siege.