Top best answers to the question «When did castles first appear in the middle ages»
Medieval castles were built from the 11th century CE for rulers to demonstrate their wealth and power to the local populace, to provide a place of defence and safe retreat in the case of attack, defend strategically important sites like river crossings, passages through hills, mountains and frontiers, and as a place of ...
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So how did castles originate? Fortified settlements first appeared over 2,000 years ago, where fortified towns started to appear in the Indus Valley in Egypt and also in China, where settlements were often protected by large earthen walls.
The origins of medieval castles have been traced to the 9 th and 10 th centuries AD. One of the factors that led to the emergence of these structures is the collapse of the Carolingian Empire, which ruled over Central and Western Europe during its height of power.
CASTLES IN THE MIDDLE AGES. Castles were primarily built during the wars of the late Middle Ages for the purpose of protection. Originally, the castle was simply built, but the need for better protection rose and they became much more sophisticated. The castle started as a simple wooden structure on top of a mound surrounded by a ditch.
Danger from an uprising of the ordinary population of the country. After the Norman invasion of Britain in 1066 the Normans constructed a large number of motte and bailey castles across the country. William the Conqueror and his trusted barons built these castles to control the country's newly subdued inhabitants.
The first parts of the castle were built in 1096, and the first historical mention of it dates to 1136. It was already being described as “very strong.” It changed hands several times and was finally purchased by Henry Percy, 1st Baron Percy (1273-1314).
The next stage of the Development of Castles in England during the Middle Ages occurred during the reign of the Plantagenet King Edward I (1239–1307). King Edward I employed the services of the best architect and builder of this era of the Middle Ages called Master James of St George who developed a style of fortress called the Concentric castle.
A medieval castle was the fortified home of an important person, such as a lord or king. The medieval period, also called the Middle Ages, lasted from the 5th century CE to the end of the 15th century. During this time, many castles were built in Europe and the Middle East. They ranged from simple wooden enclosures to vast stone palaces.
Castles were commonly erected on naturally prominent sites, usually commanding a landscape or a communication link, such as a ford, bridge or pass. It is rare to have a medieval account of the circumstances behind the choice of a castle site but they do exist. On 30 September 1223, the 15-year-old king Henry III arrived in Montgomery with an army.
The first stone castle built in England and one of the first in Europe was the famous White Tower of the Tower of London, completed at the end of the 11th century. Throughout most of the 12th century, stone castles continued to be built alongside traditional motte-and-bailey designs. Tower of London, the White Tower
Nonetheless, whilst gargoyles were consisted of in the building of several middle ages buildings, they appear to be most widespread on churches. Just what is the function of Gargoyles? The first is an useful purpose – gargoyles offered a technique of drainage which secured the stones and the mortar of churches, sanctuaries and castles from ...