Why was the motte and bailey castle so important?

Desiree Romaguera asked a question: Why was the motte and bailey castle so important?
Asked By: Desiree Romaguera
Date created: Wed, Mar 17, 2021 5:47 PM

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Those who are looking for an answer to the question «Why was the motte and bailey castle so important?» often ask the following questions:

🏘 Why was the motte and bailey castle important?

  • Motte and bailey castles were a form of castle structure that enabled the new Norman conquerors of England and Wales to secure areas of land quickly and cheaply.

🏘 Why were motte-and-bailey castles important?

The castles the Normans built were of a type new to England. They were called motte and bailey castles. A timber keep, or fort, was perched on top of an earth mound, or motte. The height of the...

🏘 Why are motte and bailey castles called motte and bailey castle?

It was called a motte and bailey castle because of the motte as the hill and the bailey as the village

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The major weakness of the motte and bailey castle was the likelihood of the keep. rotting or burning down. The solution was to build stone keeps but these could not always be built on the same ...

Evaluation A motte and bailey castle was a way that William the Conqueror could control his land that he had just won. This was only temporary solution though so that is why stone castles started to be built

The castles the Normans built were of a type new to England. They were called motte and bailey castles. A timber keep, or fort, was perched on top of an earth mound, or motte. The height of the...

Why were motte-and-baileys so popular? Motte-and-bailey castles were immensely popular for nearly 200 years. The Normans were huge advocates of this type of castle design and we have already learned that motte-and-baileys were a decisive factor in the Normans successful conquest of the British Isles.

Because of this Roger ventured on an important castle building programme and built more than 70 motte and bailey castles. They were easily built and a clear demonstration of the Normans authority so the Normans were highly skilled in building them by 1070 - the reason why so many mottes have survived near the English and Welsh border.

As a result, Roger embarked on a major castle-building programme with over 70 motte and bailey castles built. They were quick to build, a visible sign of the Normans power and by 1070, the Normans had great expertise in building them. This is why the English/Welsh border has so many surviving mottes near it.

Motte-and-bailey castle building substantially enhanced the prestige of local nobles, and it has been suggested that their early adoption was because they were a cheaper way of imitating the more prestigious Höhenburgen built on high ground, but this is usually regarded as unlikely.

The Normans were ferocious fighters, and had captured huge swathes of land across Northern Europe – and Motte and Bailey castles had been extremely important in their previous successes. These castles had significant advantages for an army seeking to seize control of a foreign country, as this table explains.

Motte and Bailey castles were built in Britain, Ireland and France in the 11th and 12th centuries. They were relatively cheap but effective defensive fortification that could repel small attacks. The motte and bailey remained the dominant form of castle in England, Wales, and Ireland well into the 12th century.

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Name famous motte and bailey castle?

Canmore has records for 46 motte-and-bailey castles in Scotland. Doune of Invernochty, Aberdeenshire; Duffus Castle, Moray; Hermitage Castle, Liddesdale; Liddel Castle, Liddesdale; Motte of Urr, Dumfries and Galloway; Tibbers Castle, Dumfries and Galloway; Northern Ireland. Dromore Castle; Wales. A 1972 study found 268 mottes in Wales.

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What is a motte bailey castle?

How they were built, and why? The Normans brought with them new forms of military architecture, among the most important of which was the motte and bailey Castle. This consisted of two main components: the motte, an artificial mound atop which was built a fortified tower called a keep, and a bailey, which was an enclosure connected to the motte.

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When was motte bailey castle built?

A motte-and-bailey castle is a European fortification with a wooden or stone keep situated on a raised area of ground called a motte, accompanied by a walled courtyard, or bailey, surrounded by a protective ditch and palisade. Relatively easy to build with unskilled labour, but still militarily formidable, these castles were built across northern Europe from the 10th century onwards, spreading from Normandy and Anjou in France, into the Holy Roman Empire in the 11th century. The Normans introduc

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What is a bailey from motte and bailey castle?

Bailey in a castle is a courtyard. In the Bailey there were guardrooms, stables, kitchens and storerooms. The Bailey would be in between the gateway and the motte. The type of castle called motte and Bailey castle was named after the Bailey and motte inside it. The Bailey has just been described above. The motte is a keep at the top of the hill.

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Motte and bailey castles?

Motte and bailey castles were some of the earliest castles designs used throughout the medieval period. Motte and Bailey Design. The principle design feature of Motte and bailey castles was, of course, as a defensive structure and to this end, its greatest attribute, height. It was the Vikings of northern Europe, during the latter part of the first ...

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What is a bailey in a motte and bailey castle?

Motte - A mound of earth that the castle is situated on. Bailey - A courtyard inside the walls of a motte and bailey castle.

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Is lincoln castle a motte-and-bailey castle?

Lincoln Castle is a motte-and-bailey castle but what makes it unusual is that it actually has two mottes. The Observatory Tower stands on top of first motte and on the second motte sits the Lucy Tower. The only other castle in the country that has two mottes is Lewes Castle. The Observatory Tower.

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Is windsor castle a motte and bailey castle?

Windsor CastleEvolved Norman Motte and Bailey Castle in England. Windsor Castle. Windsor Castle is the oldest and largest occupied castle in the world and the Official Residence of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II. Its rich history spans almost 1000 years, dating back before the time of William the Conqueror.

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Was dover castle a motte and bailey castle?

Dover Castle probably originated as a motte and bailey castle, built after the Norman Conquest of 1066. It was transformed by King Henry II between 1179 and 1188; building the keep, the walls of the inner bailey and parts of the outer curtain wall. During the 15th century the castle was an administrative centre for the Cinque Ports.

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A motte and bailey castle in 1066?

windsor castle norman castles

The Normans from France, introduced the Motte and Bailey castle to England, when they invaded the country in 1066. It is believed that as many as 1000 Motte and Bailey Castles were built in England by the Normans.

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A motte and bailey castle in england?

windsor castle medieval castle

Windsor Castle, in England, is an example of a motte-and-bailey castle. By the end of the 13th century, the design was largely superseded by alternative forms of fortification, but the earthworks remain a prominent feature in many countries.

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Did the motte-and-bailey castle change?

Motte and bailey castles were easy and quick to build and mere made of wood, however in 1087, the Normans decided that the Motte and Baliey castle needed an improvement as they were easily burnt and rotted quickly. The next castle design was called the ‘Square Keep’ castle, which was made from around 1087-1154.

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How was motte and bailey castle built?

The castles consisted of a wooden wall, perhaps built on an earth bank, encircling an open space or courtyard (bailey) and a natural or artificial hill (motte) which had a wooden tower built in the centre of its flattened top, sometimes surrounded by its own wooden palisade.

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Is bodiam castle a motte and bailey?

Arundel is a variation on the traditional motte and bailey in having two baileys, with motte between. Bodiam is the National Trust's finest ruined castle, a 14th century creation of the flamboyantly named Sir Edward Dalyngrigge, who had made a fortune out of the wars in France.

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Is chepstow castle a motte and bailey?

Chepstow then passed on to Roger Bigod, the fourth Earl of Norfolk. The castle is built on a thin, steeply sided rocky outcrop overlooking the River Wye… Internally the castle is divided into three separate baileys, an upper, middle and lower bailey following the contours of the rocky foundations it stands upon.

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Is colchester castle a motte and bailey?

The most common type of Norman castle is the motte and bailey… The most well known are probably the White Tower, often known as the Tower of London and Colchester Castle in England's oldest recorded town. In both cases these were built from the reused remains of Roman fortifications.

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Is warkworth castle a motte and bailey?

Tower keep castles are widely dispersed throughout England with a major concentration on the Welsh border… Warkworth Castle is a well-documented example of a 12th century tower keep castle which developed from an earlier motte and bailey castle and remained in use till the end of the 16th century.

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Shape of a motte and bailey castle?

motte and bailey castles look like giant shoes :D

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What is a motte and bailey castle?

The motte is a tall hill so that attackers are exhausted on their way up it, and it has great sight lines, including overlooking the bailey. The building that sits on the motte is the sturdiest,...

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When was the motte bailey castle build?

Motte and bailey castles were a common feature in England by the death of William the Conqueror in 1087. Their construction was the start of what was to become a massive castle building programme in England and Wales. When William landed at Pevensey in 1066, he immediately set about building a castle to protect himself and his most important men.

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