Video answer: Herculaneum papyri - and why learning latin is important
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- The papyri, unrolled and read, after various methods of manipulation, containing a number of Greek philosophical texts, come from a single personal library associated with the Epicurean philosopher and poet Philodemus. The discovery of Villa dei Papiri in 1750 increased attention towards Herculaneum’s excavations.
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Introduction The library of the Villa of the Papyri in Herculaneum is the only known library preserved in place from the Greco-Roman world. Carbonized in the eruption of Vesuvius in 79 CE, hundreds of papyri were rediscovered in 1752–1754 during the excavation of an aristocratic villa which many believe to have been that of L. Calpurnius Piso Caesoninus, father-in-law of Julius Caesar.
The villa is recognised today as one of the most important buildings preserved by the volcanic eruption Treasures from the extraordinary Villa dei Papiri or Villa of the Papyri have now gone on...
The Villa dei Papiri was rediscovered by well diggers in 1750, a few years after the ancient site of Herculaneum. A team of military engineers sponsored by Charles VII, King of the Two Sicilies, bored tunnels down through 27 metres of solidified rubble to rooms where they discovered a hoard of antiques.
Magnificent paintings and a group of portrait statues were excavated from a building thought to be the ancient basilica of Herculaneum, and a large number of bronze and marble works of art were recovered from a suburban villa, called the Villa of the Papyri papyri
We selected as case study the aristocratic Roman Villa dei Papiri, which was located just outside the main Herculaneum city (Fig. 1a, b), along the AD79 coastline (Guidobaldi et al., 2009). The Villa was reached by the early intra-plinian PDC and progressively buried and partially destroyed by the following PDCs that deposited more than 30 m of dominantly massive lapilli tuff ( Fig. 1 c, d).
The Villa of Papyri. The Villa of the Papyri is a private house in the ancient Roman city of Herculaneum The villa was owned by Julius Caesar’s father-in-law, Lucius Calpurnius Piso Caesoninus. In AD 79, the eruption of Vesuvius covered all of Herculaneum with some 30 m of volcanic ash. Its name derives from the discovery of a library in the ...
Coordinates The Villa of the Papyri (Italian: Villa dei Papiri, also known as Villa dei Pisoni) was an ancient Roman villa in Herculaneum, in what is now Ercolano, southern Italy. It is named after its unique library of papyri (or scrolls), discovered in 1750.
The magnificent Villa of the Papyri at Herculaneum, which lies to the north of the Roman town, was first discovered by tunnelling in the 18th century. The plan of it was made by the engineer Carl Weber, working under the direction of the Spaniard Roque A1cubierre under the direction of King Charles m. The papyri from the Villa were discovered between the years 1752 and 1754. The papyrus-rolls, each and everyone of them a literary text, consist of two kinds: a small but unique collection of Roman literature, and a much larger but equally unique philosophical library, which is, in my view rightly, considered to have been the personal library of Philodemus. The recovery of this library caused enormous excitement during the Enlightenment, which was replaced by terrible disappointment once it became clear that these were 'only' philosophical texts, which had been badly damaged and were legible only with the greatest difficulty and only in part. They have remained harder to study than any other papyri which survive, which is one reason why it has taken scholars up to two centuries to produce reliable texts of many of them.
Als Villa dei Papiri (italienisch für „Villa der Papyri“) oder auch Pisonenvilla wird eine große römische Villenanlage bei Herculaneum bezeichnet. Die Villa wurde 1750 von dem Schweizer Archäologen Karl Weber entdeckt. Ihre Namen erhielt sie von den dort gefundenen Schriftrollen, einer der wenigen Funde einer Bibliothek aus römischer Zeit.