Why were castles absolete?

Abbey Howell asked a question: Why were castles absolete?
Asked By: Abbey Howell
Date created: Fri, Jan 1, 2021 1:35 AM
Categories: Medieval castle

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Top best answers to the question «Why were castles absolete»

Why did they stop building castles? Castles were great defences against the enemy. However, when gunpowder was invented the castles stopped being an effective form of defence… The medieval castle with its high vertical walls was no longer the invincible fortification it had been.

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Those who are looking for an answer to the question «Why were castles absolete?» often ask the following questions:

🏘 Were medieval castles were built?

Medieval castles were built from the 11th century CE for rulers to demonstrate their wealth and power to the local populace, to provide a place of defence and safe retreat in the case of attack, defend strategically important sites like river crossings, passages through hills, mountains and frontiers, and as a place of ...

🏘 Were castles cold?

Castles weren't always cold and dark places to live.

Castles are always depicted as dark and cold and some probably were. But, in reality, the great hall of castle had a large open hearth to provide heat and light (at least until the late 12th century) and later it had wall fireplace.

Question from categories: medieval castle neuschwanstein castle

🏘 Were castles effective?

Castles were great defences against the enemy. However, when gunpowder was invented the castles stopped being an effective form of defence. By the end of the 1300s gunpowder was widely in use. The medieval castle with its high vertical walls was no longer the invincible fortification it had been.

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Castles were usually built where there was a natural feature of the land that would help in the defense of the castle such as building on top of a hill or where they were surrounded by water.

Castles and knights played a central role in medieval warfare during the 12th, 13th and 14th centuries. As knights, castles did not become obsolete after the 15th century. Castles were useful during the 16th century and beyond. What really stopped the development of new castles and geared warfare towards open-field battles was political changes.

Towards the end of the Middle Ages, castles tended to lose their military significance due to the advent of powerful cannons and permanent artillery fortifications; as a result, castles became more important as residences and statements of power. Comfortable homes were often fashioned within their fortified walls. Why are castles not used anymore?

Most people think that gunpowder was the cause for castles becoming obsolete. This is not true. Even before gunpowder was invented, there were lots of civilizations that went on without castles. Gunpowder changed the design of the classical medieval castle from the XIVth to the XVIII century.

Why were Castles built? They were built to provide safety and protection from attack and to display the owner's rank and wealth. Where were Castles built and why? Castles were often built on hilltops or surrounded by water to make them easier to defend. Arundel Castle . What is the biggest castle in England? The biggest castle in England is Windsor Castle, one of the three homes of the Queen. It is said to be the largest inhabited fortress in the world. The gate of Windsor Castle. Windsor ...

Most castles were built on the top of hills or overlooking natural harbors. Both of these locations tend to suffer from extremes of weather such as high winds and driving rain. The result is that castles are generally cold and damp. Medieval builders didn't understand the benefit of inserting a damp proof course into walls and floors.

The word castle is derived from the Latin word castellum, which is a diminutive of the word castrum, meaning "fortified place".The Old English castel, Old French castel or chastel, French château, Spanish castillo, Portuguese castelo, Italian castello, and a number of words in other languages also derive from castellum. The word castle was introduced into English shortly before the Norman Conquest to denote this type of building, which was then new to England.. Defining characteristics. In ...

Why did people stop building castles? Up until the age of gunpowder, castles with their thick stone walls were the go-to way to create defensive positions. But unfortunately, after gunpowder and cannons, these marvels of the medieval world became obsolete, giving way to newer fortifications like the packed-earth wall and the star fort.

The vast majority of castles these days are little more than ruins preserved by charitable organizations for educational value. In the past, these castles belonged to either nobility or royalty, but over time, whether through war, debt, or donation, they have passed out of their ownership.

As Europe moved into the Renaissance, the role of castles expanded. Some were used as military fortresses and were controlled by a monarch. Others were unfortified palaces, mansions, or manor homes and served no military function. Still others, like the plantation castles of Northern Ireland, were large homes, fortified to protect immigrants like the Scots from the resentful local Irish inhabitants. The ruins of Tully Castle in County Fermanagh, uninhabited since attacked and destroyed in ...

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How castles were cleaned?

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For instance, a lot of medieval castles had the floors strewn with rushes or straw… Rush or straw woven mats were introduced to some to help with cleaning, so that these could be taken outside and beaten while the floors were swept, however some still preferred the strewn look.

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How castles were constructed?

  • The simple construction of castle started with a wooden structure on the top of a stack completely bordered by a ditch. On flat surfaces, a wide water ditch called as moat was constructed. At a later phase, the moat formed was divided from the real castle by a sequence of elevated walls.

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How castles were lit?

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Castles had basic lavatories called garderobes. Light was provided by candles or oil lamps, rarely by the sort of effective torches depicted in Hollywood films. In early medieval times fires were still placed in the centre of the the Great Halll, often with a sort of lantern tower above to let the smoke out.

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How cold were castles?

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Life in a medieval castle would have been ordered and organised, full of pomp and ceremony, and also very cold and smelly! Essentially, castles were at the heart of Medieval society. Castles were built in England and Wales after 1066. They cemented a new social system of feudalism in place.

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How common were castles?

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Especially common in Ireland and Scotland, they could be up to five storeys high and succeeded common enclosure castles and were built by a greater social range of people. While unlikely to provide as much protection as a more complex castle, they offered security against raiders and other small threats.

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How dirty were castles?

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Castles were dark inside with little natural light… There were also other problems with living in a medieval castle, the main one being that there were no sewers or flushing toilets. Often the moat surrounding the castle was used as a sewer. Both the moat and the castle quickly became smelly and dirty.

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How effective were castles?

Number of people taking shelter, food stocks, strength of the castle, size and composition of the siege force, weapons available, weather etc. As relatively few castles actually fell to sieges it would appear that they were very effective and they only lost their defensive advantage with the introduction of cannons and siege artillery.

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How expensive were castles?

An expensive house was around 100 pounds (24,000 pence), which was also just about the construction price of a church. The construction cost of a tower was around 300 pounds (72,000p), and the construction price of a castle (details not included) was around 450 pounds (108,000p).

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How tall were castles?

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A typical wall could be 3 m (10 ft) thick and 12 m (39 ft) tall, although sizes varied greatly between castles. To protect them from undermining, curtain walls were sometimes given a stone skirt around their bases.

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How were castles ataked?

castles were attacked with fire (when they were wood) they were also attacked by trunks of trees with had the branches and leaves taken off. They would also have arrows set a light that they would...

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How were castles attacked?

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There are a number of ways of assaulting a castle: over the top of the walls using towers or ladders, under the walls using a mine, or through the walls using a battering ram, pickaxes or other tools.

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How were castles attaked?

  • Theye are attacked by suprise !! x

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How were castles build?

The builders would usually use pulleys and gears to make a simple crane, used to Cary stones up to the top. then they would "glue" the the stones to the wall and repetedly do thet.

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How were castles built?

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Originally castles were made of wood and timber. Later they were replaced with stone to make them stronger. Castles were often built at the top of hills or where they could use some natural features of the land to help with their defense.

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How were castles constructed?

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Castles were constructed with stone or other material which took more than 5 years to build.

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How were castles ddefended?

A short film about different defensive features of castles set to the song by The Cult - She Sells Sanctuary

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How were castles decorated?

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Castle-building was a luxury that very few members of the nobility could afford… Once a stone castle was built, its owner would then have to spend a vast sum on furnishing and decorating it. The interior walls were usually plastered and painted, often with elaborate frescos and bright, expensive colours.

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How were castles defeated?

There are a number of ways of assaulting a castle: over the top of the walls using towers or ladders, under the walls using a mine, or through the walls using a battering ram, pickaxes or other tools.

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How were castles defend?

by the keep and curtain walls

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How were castles defended?

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Battlements were walls on the roof of a castle. They had higher walls, called merlons, with lower gaps between, called crenels. Defenders would use crossbows to shoot arrows through the crenels,and then hide behind the higher merlons.

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How were castles designed?

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Originally castles were made of wood and timber. Later they were replaced with stone to make them stronger. Castles were often built at the top of hills or where they could use some natural features of the land to help with their defense.

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