Why were wooden castles replaced by stone?

Wilmer Weissnat asked a question: Why were wooden castles replaced by stone?
Asked By: Wilmer Weissnat
Date created: Tue, Feb 23, 2021 10:38 PM

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Those who are looking for an answer to the question «Why were wooden castles replaced by stone?» often ask the following questions:

🏘 Why were motte and bailey castles replaced by stone keeps?

The wooden defences of motte and bailey castles were replaced by walls and towers of stone… Stone is more durable and resistant than wood and so it became the preferred building materials for castles. Stone castles were built taller and gave better protection against attack, fire and cold rainy weather.

🏘 Why did wooden castles change to stone?

Wooden castles were changed to stone for a couple of reasons. They were prone to rotting and weren't suitable to be in the elements for long periods of time. 2. They weren't easy targets to be set...

🏘 What material replaced the wooden motte and bailey castles?

Stone castles replaced the motte and bailey castles but the stone castles also changed over time. Shortly after the Normans invaded England, they began building rectangular stone keeps. The White Tower at the Tower of London was started in 1070.

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During the 12th century many castles were improved and strengthened by using stone as the ain building material. The wooden defences of motte and bailey castles were replaced by walls and towers of stone… Stone castles.

Answer. Stone keeps replaced Motte and Bailey castles because the keeps had many defensive mechanisms unlike the Motte and Bailey that were open to being set on fire. In addition, Stone castles were more durable unlike the Motte and Bailey that were made of wood. This 20 words question was answered by Colleen R. on StudySoup on 5/31/2017.

The wooden defences of motte and bailey castles were replaced by walls and towers of stone. Why did stone castles replace the motte and bailey castles? The methods of attacking and besieging castles improved over time and so became a need for stronger, more durable (longer lasting) defences. Even though timber was strong against spears and arrows, fire could render it useless.

The idea behind a shell keep castle was to replace the wooden outer wall which had previously encircled the castle with a stone wall. The stone shell contained the existing wooden buildings and acted as a shield against attackers.. The image above shows Restormel Castle, a great example of a former shell keep castle.You can clearly see the stone "shell" surrounding the top of the Motte.

The wooden structure was replaced by a more permanent stone keep design in the 1080s. Stone castles had a number of advantages over wooden motte and bailey structures: They could be built inside...

This type of stone keep castl soon replaced the Motte and Bailey castles as it offered a better form of defense. A stone keep was the central feature, with thick walls and few windows. Entrance to the keep was by stone steps leading to the first floor.

Motte and bailey designs were very common, and had a mound (the ‘motte’) topped by a wooden tower or keep and a defended enclosure (the ‘bailey’) alongside. Often (as at Totnes Castle) the wooden defences were later replaced in stone. Elsewhere, as at Eynsford Castle, there was no motte, but simply a strongly walled enclosure. These castles housed Norman nobles and their families, as well as knights and soldiers”.

wooden castles were replaced by stone because they could house more soldiers and were strong which meant they were less likely to get destroyed were as the wooden castles was easier to destroy.

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We've handpicked 22 related questions for you, similar to «Why were wooden castles replaced by stone?» so you can surely find the answer!

How were stone castles repaired?

dover castle palace

Welsh castles captured and repaired by Edward I: Castell y Bere, Criccieth, Dolwyddelan and Caergwrle Castles built or rebuilt by lords on their own land for Edward I: Chirk, Denbigh, Hawarden, Holt, Ruthin. After each campaign, castles were built to maintain hold of the land that was captured and rule the defeated enemies.

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What were stone castles like?

What were stone castles like? They tended to be more defensive, more permanent, and more grand than their predecessors. Generally, they were built of sandstone or limestone, but the whole castle wouldn’t have been made of stone – it was expensive and unwieldy. Costs would have been cut by using wooden roofs, partitions, and supports. What are the main features of a stone castle? A stone keep was the central feature, with thick walls and few windows. Entrance to the keep was by stone ...

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What were stone keep castles?

Stone keep castles were first built during the reign of William I as a natural extension to the more traditional motte and bailey castles. The main difference between the two was that motte and bailey castles were designed to be temporary (although lots survive to this day) while stone keep castles were designed to last as long as possible.

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When were stone castles built?

There were three crucial aspects that made stone castles desirable: Firstly, the stone buildings were much stronger and offered greater protection against raiders. Stone castles could... Secondly, stone castles would last for centuries (many of them survive to this day) whereas wood lasted a decade ...

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Where were stone castles built?

England

The first stone castle built in England and one of the first in Europe was the famous White Tower of the Tower of London, completed at the end of the 11th century. Throughout most of the 12th century, stone castles continued to be built alongside traditional motte-and-bailey designs.

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Why were stone castles built?

norman castles

The wooden defences of motte and bailey castles were replaced by walls and towers of stone… Stone is more durable and resistant than wood and so it became the preferred building materials for castles. Stone castles were built taller and gave better protection against attack, fire and cold rainy weather.

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Why were stone castles good?

Castles were powerful defensive structures but it was also the place which ordinary people associated with authority. They were important centres of administration and local government. Tax...

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When were motte and bailey castles replaced?

cardboard motte and bailey castle windsor castle

Motte-and-bailey castles became a less popular design in the mid-medieval period. In France, they were not built after the start of the 12th century, and mottes ceased to be built in most of England after around 1170, although they continued to be erected in Wales and along the Marches.

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Why were motte and bailey castles replaced?

Why were Motte and Bailey castles replaced by stone castles? Answer Stone keeps replaced Motte and Bailey castles because the keeps had many defensive mechanisms unlike the Motte and Bailey that were open to being set on fire.

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Why did they change from wooden castles to stone castles?

Wooden castles were changed to stone for a couple of reasons. They were prone to rotting and weren't suitable to be in the elements for long periods of time. 2. They weren't easy targets to be set...

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When were stone keep castles made of stone?

Stone Keep Castles. Stone keep castles were first built during the reign of William I as a natural extension to the more traditional motte and bailey castles. The main difference between the two was that motte and bailey castles were designed to be temporary (although lots survive to this day) while stone keep castles were designed to last as long ...

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How were huge stone castles heated?

norman castles palace

Thick stone walls, tiny unglazed windows and inefficient open fires made the classic castle something of a challenge to keep warm… By heating the stones as well as the chamber, and directing the smoke away from the room, these fireplaces made life in a medieval castle a considerably more comfortable affair.

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How were medieval stone castles built?

castle walls norman castles

Stone castles were an evolution of the early 'Motte and Bailey' castle design. The simple Motte and Bailey was brought to England by the Normans in 1066, and the design consisted of a defensive mound with buildings on the flat-top. The Motte and Bailey was quick to construct, but was generally made of wood.

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How were norman stone castles attacked?

Some castles were surrounded by deep ditches called moats to stop attackers getting in. Some moats were filled with water, like Caerlaverock Castle near Dumfries (above). Attackers would have to...

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How were norman stone castles built?

medieval castle castle keep

Stone castles were built on a square or rectangular plan. Attackers had to simply find a way of tunnelling underneath one of the corners to bring down a whole section of the castle. Siege weapons like the trebuchet could fire heavy rocks, if these missiles hit a flat surface there would be major damage to the castle.

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How were stone castles defended against?

Machicolations were overhanging holes, or platforms, built into castles. People defending a castle could hurl items – like rocks, arrows or even animal dung – through these holes at an attacker below. Clearly visible, overhanging machicolations on Rhodes Kastello, Rhodes.

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How were stone castles defended today?

They were defended by an army of soldiers and many other things, such as a moat surrounding it. The moat would be good, as the attackers would need to row a boat through it or swim. They would be ...

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How were stone keep castles attacked?

norman castles bailey castle

A good way of attacking a stone castle was through mining. Attackers would dig a tunnel underground up to the castle walls, under the gatehouse if possible. They would then set a charge and make an explosion which would make the walls crumble and collapse.

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How were stone keep castles built?

They were built with stone and in square shapes lolololololl

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How were stone keep castles defended?

castle drawing medieval castle defense

The defenders could fire missiles through gaps (crenels). The raised sections between, called merlons, helped to shelter the defenders during an enemy attack. These were stone boxes that projected from the walls of castles and had holes in the floors for dropping stones or boiling oil on attackers.

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How were stone keep castles made?

By using stone, William was able to construct the castles in a way that was entirely different from motte and bailey castles; while motte and bailey castles were built from wood, the strength of stone allowed for a taller building in stone keep castles. This new height means stone keep castles had the significant advantage of visibility - allowing the castle to be seen by potential rebels and allowing the castle’s defenders to spot enemies at a distance.

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Were there any roman stone castles?

Were there any Roman stone castles? When you think of Roman architecture, you generally picture marble columns and villas, or perhaps walls and roads. Did they build …

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